The people of Maehongson eat rice as their staple food.
Recommended dishes include geang hang lae, which is made from pork amongst many other
things, and can be found for sale in the local morning market. The preparation of food depends
both on the everyday lives of the people and their merit making traditions. Usually, the men
prepare the food for important festivals, such as Poi Sang Long (ordination of novice monks)
and Poi Ja Dee (sand chedis) The most important ingredient of Shan food is tua naw kep, which
are round flat cakes, 5''-6" in diameter, made from dried, fermented soya beans.
A famous Shan sweet is suay tamin.
Which is made from sticky rice that is steamed and then sugar is added.
The mixture is put in a dish, covered with coconut milk and cooked over charcoals.
AlawaIs similar to suay tamin but is instead made from rice flour and cooked with coconut milk, butter or durian.
Bamong Is made from flour and sodium bicarbonate, and mixed with coconut milk and sugar.
There are many other kinds of sweets, such as khao tom glauy
(steamed bananas and sticky rice), khao tom tua (steamed rice and soya beans) and khao tom gathi
(steamed rice and coconut milk).
Written and Spoken Language
The above words can be translated as "Greetings to everyone,
and welcome to Maehongson".
The Shan or Thai Yai people of Maehongson,
who have a long and rich history, also have their own individual
written language. The letters are similar to Northern Thai, or Lanna.
There are a total of 17 consonants and many of the sounds made are
similar to Thai. The spoken form of Shan sounds a little like Northern
Thai, and Shan is still widely spoken throughout the Maehongson region.
Population and Administration
On December 2006, there was a total of 256,729 citizens. The five ethnic groups
of hill tribe people, including Karen, Hmong, Lawa, Lahu and Lesu, account for around 50% of the total population.
Maehongson Muang District : 25,898 males, 23,404 females, totaling 49,302 citizens
Pai district: 14,452 males, 13,086 females, totaling 27,538 citizens.
Pangmapha district: 10,889 males, 9,569 females, totaling 20,458 citizens
Khun Yuam district: 9,408 males, 8,561 females, totaling 17,969 citizens
Mae La Noi: 15,692 males, 15,065 females, totaling 30,757 citizens
Mae Sariang: 24,894 males, 24,039 females, totaling 48,933 citizens
Sop Moei: 21,584 males, 20,956 females, totaling 42,540 citizens
Proportion of population to land
Proportion of population to land mass outside the municipality: 17 people per square kilometer
Proportion of population to land mass within the municipality: 1 234 people per square kilometer
Birth rate: 1.57 %
Death rate: 0.38%
Population increase: 1.19%
The population of Maehongson is composed of various ethnic groups.
Most of the people living in Maehongson municipality, and Pai, Pangmapha,
Khuan Yuam and Mae Sariang districts are of Shan ancestry, and called
themselves Shan or Dai. In the past they migrated from the Shan State
in northeastern Burma. Apart from these Shan people, there are many
migrant workers at present crossing from the Shan State into Maehongson
province to look for work. The hill tribe people come from various ethnic groups,
the Karen being the largest. The Karen people have lived in this area for more
than 100 years, and can be separated into 2 groups: Pwo Karen,
who can be found in Mae Sariang and Sop Moei districts, and Skaw Karen
who can be found in every district. The Lahu include two groups: Black Lahu and Red lahu.
The Lesu can be found around Pai and Bangmapha.
The Lawa people live in Mae La Noi and Mae Jem in Chiang Mai province.
The Hmong account for the smallest tribal group in the region, dotted across
the whole area and including two groups: White Hmong and 'Patterned' Hmong,
who are named after the colors on the embroidered skirts of the Hmong women.
The Padong, or Long-Necked Karen, live in Ban Nai Soi, Ban Nam Pieng Din and Ban Huay Sua Tao.
The Haw Chinese are the Chinese Nationalists from the 93rd Regiment
and their descendants who fled China during the revolution and settled in Pai,
Pangmapha and Maehongson municipalities. In some places they have set up
their own villages or communities, composed only of Haw Chinese, such as
Sandisuk village in Pai district and Mae Aw village in Maehongson.
Maehongson is divided into 7 administrative districts:
1. Maehongson municipality, composed of 7 tambons (sub-districts) and 66 villages (1 tambon within the municipality)
2. Mae Sariang district, composed of 6 tambons and 70 villages.
3. Khun Yuam district, composed of 6 tambons and 42 villages.
4. Mae La Noi district, composed of 8 tambons and 69 villages.
5. Pai district, composed of 7 tambons and 61 villages.
6. Sop Moei district, composed of 6 tambons and 50 villages.
7. Bangmapha district, composed of 4 tambons and 36 villages.
Mae hong son province has had banks and exchance office.
The list of Bank's office and district brance.
Bangkok Bank : Maehongson , Masa riang district.
Thai Farmers Bank : Maehongson, Mae Sariang district.
Krung Thai Bank : Maehongson, Maehongson airport (Exchance office), Pai district , Khun Yuam district, Mae Sariang district.
Thai Military Bank : Maehongson, Mae Sariang district.
Bank of Ayuthaya : Maehongson.
Thai Savings Bank : Maehongson, Mae Sariang district.
Maehongson province :
Borders on the Shan State, Burma to the north
Borders on Thasongyang district of Tak province to the south
Borders on Mae Jem district of Chiang Mai province to the east
Borders on Hod district of Chiang Mai province to the west
The province has borders with the Shan State, the Kayah State and the Kotulay States in Burma.
Maehongson is the most mountainous province in Thailand.
It is composed of a total of 13 814.4 square kilometers,
11 981 square kilometers of which are jungle and mountainside,
which accounts for 90% of the total area.
The province is situated in the north of the country and, being
mountainous and thickly forested, the seasons are markedly different.
Mist covers the mountaintops throughout the year, from the frost in the winter months,
from the burning of the forests that occurs during the dry season and from the clouds in the rainy season.
Maehongson is often called the City of Three Mists.
There are 4 main rivers:
1. Pai River
2. Yuam River
3. Mae Lamad River
4. Salween (or Nam Kong) River
The forests of the province include many kinds of trees and plants, such as teak, Burmese ebony, hardwoods and many others.
Transportation and Communications
The Telecommunications Authority of Thailand offers an international telephone service, and there are several public telephone booths in the city where cards can be used for overseas calls. Throughout the province there are public telephones for national calls. In some districts mobile phones cannot be used. The 2 methods of transportation include air and road, and goods can be delivered by truck on highway 108 (Chiang Mai-Mae Sariang- Maehongson) or Highway 1029 (Chiang Mai-Pai-Maehongson).